How many people have been to the moon?

On July 20, 1969, man first stepped onto another celestial body. Along with the first manned flight into space, this event is one of the key events in the entire world history. Human intelligence, will and curiosity have helped usher in a new space age.

The most famous people who have visited the Moon, of course, were those who first landed on it. They were Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin. But the members of the Apollo 11 crew are not the only ones who have visited our satellite. In total, 12 astronauts have visited the lunar surface during six landings.

Apollo 11, July 20, 1969

Neil Armstrong; Edwin Aldrin

Six hours after lunar landing, Neil Armstrong – the first man on the moon – said his famous phrase: “That`s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind” (This is one small step for a man, but a huge step for mankind) … Aldrin and Nile were on the lunar surface for 2.5 hours. And if Armstrong was the first person to set foot on another heavenly body, then Aldrin became the first person to urinate on another heavenly body. Of course, in a special tank in a spacesuit.

Astronaut Buzz Aldrin on the lunar surface on July 20, 1969
Astronaut Edwin Aldrin on the lunar surface July 20, 1969 | NASA

 

Apollo 12, November 19, 1969

Charles Conrad; Alan Bean

After the successful first landing of a man on the moon, a second flight soon followed. Charles Konrad made a 3 hour 39 minute walk on the moon, during which he collected samples of lunar soil and performed an experiment with the solar wind. Alan Bean spent 2 hours 58 minutes on the lunar surface. His task was to place a television camera on the surface in order to transmit to Earth a color picture with video footage of our satellite. However, during the installation, the lens of the TV camera was directed towards the Sun for several seconds, which made it out of order, so earthlings were left to be content with photographs of the lunar surface.

Apollo 14, February 5, 1971

Alan Shepard; Edgar Mitchell

On the first day on the Moon, Shepard was out of the ship for 4 hours 49 minutes, setting up scientific equipment and collecting rocks from the surface. On the second day on the Moon, Mitchell and Shepard traveled to the nearby Cone Crater and installed scientific instruments on the lunar surface. Their exit lasted 4 hours and 35 minutes.

Apollo 15, July 31, 1971

David Scott; James Irwin

The Apollo 15 mission provided for being on the lunar surface for 3 days. For the first time, astronauts slept in a lunar module without spacesuits, and traveled on the surface on a specially designed lunar rover. Therefore, it is not surprising that the time spent by David Scott and James on the surface of the Earth’s satellite is more than 18 and a half hours. The total distance traveled by the astronauts in the “lunomobile” is 27.76 km, and the maximum travel speed reached 13 km / h.

1280px-Apollo_15_Lunar_Rover_and_Irwin
James Irwin and the Lunar Rover | NASA

Apollo 16, April 20, 1972

Charles Duke; John Young

The astronauts remained outside the lunar module for a total of 20 hours and 15 minutes. In this mission, a record was set for the mass of scientific instruments delivered to the moon – as much as 563 kg. Charles and John stayed on our satellite for 3 days, and the result of their work was travel to the Stone and Smoky Mountains, the North Ray crater and the collection of lunar soil samples.

Apollo 17, December 11, 1972

Eugene Sernan; Harrison Schmitt

Apollo 17 is the last flight to the moon to date, during which people landed on the surface. The crew set two records at once: the maximum number of soil samples brought to Earth – 110.5 kg, and the longest time on the lunar surface – 22 hours 3 minutes.

Eugene Cernan is the last person to be on the Moon so far |  NASA
Eugene Cernan is the last person to be on the Moon so far | NASA
This is interesting: the total cost of all Apollo missions, in terms of the cost in 2005, was about $ 136 billion. Due to budget cuts, the Apollo 18, Apollo 19, and Apollo 20 programs were canceled.


Editorial opinion:

We often hear that the landing on the moon was rigged by the Americans in order to force the USSR to spend huge sums on the space program and, ultimately, ruin it. Sometimes it seems that people shouting that the Apollo 11 mission was filmed in Hollywood pavilions simply forget or do not know about the existence of five more lunar landings, the veracity of which is beyond doubt. We are deeply convinced that such events and achievements do not have political and national boundaries. It is necessary to stop supporting silly disputes and move together towards new discoveries and worlds that await man in distant space.

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